Epilepsy is a brain disorder that isn’t restricted to humans; it can also infect animals, including pups.
You probably already know that the main symptom of epilepsy is seizures, but it’s a good idea to understand more about those attacks when trying to understand epilepsy.
There is a wide ranging list of causes for seizures, which is why epilepsy can’t be diagnosed until they’ve all been ruled out. Brain defects, diseases, or injuries, abnormal blood sugar levels, kidney and liver disorders, heatstroke, fevers, toxic substances and stroke are all conditions that may cause seizures. They may even occur as side effects to medication.
In addition, there are actually three main types of seizure, and it’s helpful to pinpoint which one your pup is experiencing in order to narrow down its cause. Here’s a breakdown of each type:
1. Grand Mal seizures
These are the most intense kinds of seizures, which may involve uncontrolled muscle movements, accidental urination or defecation, or a pup losing consciousness. This is the type most commonly experienced by those with epilepsy.
2. Partial seizures
These only affect certain areas of the body and can result is repetitive movements in those places. A pup may merely seem to be in a trance during these seizures.
3. Complex seizures
This type of seizure results in strange behavior and might be difficult for one to identify. It can involve sudden aggression for no apparent reason, pacing in circles, or howling.
Regardless of their kind, all seizures usually come with a warning before them, like a specific sensation – this can include a taste, scent, sight, or just a general feeling. Pups might not be able to tell this means a seizure is coming, but you might notice them acting odd, clingy, restless, or disoriented before a seizure begins. After a seizure, a pup will seem confused and may not be able to see for a while.
Most seizures last between one and two minutes, and one isolated seizure may not necessarily indicate a serious medical condition, although it does warrant a trip to the vet. If your pup experiences seizures that last for five minutes or more, and especially if they occur in quick succession, seek emergency care immediately. Do like and share this information if you found it helpful!