Being able to conduct a basic physical exam of your pup is vital to your fur ball’s health!
In a previous article, we discussed some general ways to examine your pup. Go check that one out if you haven’t already! Now, let’s go more in depth into physical examinations.
Does your pup squint, or is their redness forming, or perhaps a slight opacity is developing (a sign of cataracts)? Even the tiniest abnormalities might be indicators of something serious, and early treatment is key! If you notice discharge around your pup’s eyes, wipe it away with cotton wool, using either saline or boiled water that has been cooled. A sudden increase in discharge, or discharge of a yellowish or greenish color, means it’s time to go to the vet.
2. Get yourself acquainted with the look, feel, and smell of your fur ball’s ears
Redness, increased discharge, or a bad smell is usually a sign of infection that needs immediate treatment. You can also clean your fur ball’s ears with a pet safe ear cleaner if you notice a wax buildup – ask your vet how! Remember, though, don’t put shampoo, vinegar, oil, or cotton bugs into a pup’s ear, and don’t listen to any internet remedies! If your fur ball’s ears are already inflamed, painful, or itchy, then take them to a vet and don’t attempt to clean them.
Damaged or discolored teeth, redness along the gum line, and bad breath are indicators that you need to start paying more attention to your pup’s dental hygiene! Catching these signs early is vital to preventing dental disease. Look for red spots, lumps, and ulcers, and take note of any pain. Don’t forget to check the tongue and back teeth! On your next vet visit, discuss preventative dental care with your vet to see what options you have.
Every inch of skin should be checked, even under paws and between toes. Sore spots, scabs, lumps, red patches, dry or greasy skin, and itches or painful areas are all things to take note of. You can treat irritated skin with a medicated wash, but once it develops into an infection, you’ll need antibiotics. Be sure that you’re aware of your pup’s allergies and make sure you notice if he starts chewing or scratching at himself too much! Pay attention to lymph nodes as well, as their swelling can be a sign of serious health problems.
5. Coat and nails
Matts in your pup’s fur, hair loss, an unusually dry coat, and overgrown nails mean your fur ball needs more regular grooming! Don’t let fur grow too far over the eyes, as it can lead to complications, and you can trim easily on your own. You can choose to a send a pup to a groomer as well if you choose!
That’s all I have for now, but there are more tips coming up soon! Be sure to like and share this if you found it useful so that other pup parents can check it out!
Feature Image Source: Pixabay