High blood pressure, otherwise known as hypertension, is common in humans and can also happen to dogs. Its development is significantly problematic, as it can lead to a variety of health issues.
Here’s what you need to know about hypertension in dogs:
There are two types of high blood pressure:
- Primary Hypertension occurs without a clear underlying cause. It is more common in humans and almost never happens to dogs.
- Conversely, Secondary Hypertension is the result of an underlying disease and is usually what dogs develop.
Here are the common symptoms of high blood pressure:
- Breathing difficulties
- Mental activity reduction
- Coughing or wheezing
- Eye bleeding
- Sight loss
- Walking pattern changes
- Retinal detachment
- Balance loss
- Kidney failure
- Heart failure
Since most dogs have secondary hypertension, their high blood pressure is almost always caused by an underlying issue, usually a disease. Here are some possible causes:
- Glomerular disease
- Diabetes mellitus
- Cushing’s disease (hyperadrenocorticism)
- Growth hormone overproduction
- Chronic renal disease
- Adrenal tumor
- Endocrine disease
Different breeds have different risk levels for developing hypertension. According to research, the following dogs can easily develop conditions that lead to high blood pressure:
- Spitz dogs
- Bichons frises
If you suspect your dog has blood pressure or is at risk for it, speak to your vet.
Feature Image Source: Pixabay